Yanzhe Yang
Yanzhe Yang

Project Title: Crusaders of Rural China: KMT, CCP and Rural-Reconstructionists in Nanjing Decade (1927-1937)

Principal Advisor: Associate Professor Chi-Kong Lai

Project Abstract: China was re-unified after the Northern Expedition (1926-1928) and enjoyed a relative peaceful decade since then. With setting its capital city in Nanjing in 1927, this era is known as Nanjing Decade in history. It was the first time that KMT, CCP and an independent political power called “Rural-Reconstructionists”, who believed that chaos, poverty and a series of tragedy in China could only be vanished by reconstructing and developing China’s rural area, have the chance to practice their ideas on rural issues. Moreover, a nationwide rural crisis burst out in late 1920s. Different reactions toward this crisis had been taken by these rural saviours in their own orbits respectively followed by heat debates, cooperation, competition and even confrontation between these three groups of Chinese elites. These efforts made by KMT, CCP and rural-reconstructionists, as well as their interactions, during this decade had largely influenced China’s rural area and their own destiny. To some extent, their choices at that time also changed the trend of Chinese history in the rest of 20th century. This thesis will review the idea, practice and interaction among KMT, CCP and Rural-Reconstructionists on rural issues from 1927 to 1937 and analyze the impact of these reactions on China’s politics and economy till today.

On this site